Synology stands out as a top-tier network-attached storage (NAS) device, renowned for its quality. Meanwhile, Kodi is a well-known media player recognized for its ability to play and stream various media. Pairing these two can create an excellent combination, although the setup process might present some challenges.

Using Kodi with a Synology NAS (Network Attached Storage) offers a compelling combination for users looking to create a powerful and versatile home media center. Here's why this setup is beneficial:

Centralized Media Library

  • Storage: Synology NAS devices provide large storage capacities, making them ideal for storing extensive collections of movies, TV shows, music, and photos. By using Kodi with Synology, you can keep all your media in one centralized location.
  • Accessibility: Your media library is accessible from any device in your network that has Kodi installed. This means you can stream your content to multiple devices simultaneously without needing to duplicate files.

High Performance and Reliability

  • Data Protection: Synology NAS offers robust data protection features, including RAID configurations and backup options, ensuring your media library is safe from hardware failures.
  • Performance: Synology's hardware is designed to handle multiple tasks efficiently, including media streaming, data backup, and file sharing, ensuring smooth playback and fast access to your files.

Flexibility and Compatibility

  • File Support: Kodi supports a wide range of media formats, and when combined with Synology's NAS capabilities, it can effectively manage and stream virtually any type of media file.
  • Customization: Kodi allows for extensive customization through add-ons and skins, enabling users to tailor their media center experience to their preferences. Synology's DSM (DiskStation Manager) OS also offers various applications and features to enhance the media server functionality.
man in red shirt watching tv
Photo by Erik Mclean / Unsplash

Remote Access

  • Streaming Anywhere: By setting up remote access on your Synology NAS, you can access your media library via Kodi from anywhere with an internet connection. This makes it easy to enjoy your content while away from home.

Integrated Solutions

  • Synology Packages: Synology offers multimedia packages like Video Station, Audio Station, and Photo Station, which can be used alongside Kodi for an integrated media management and streaming experience.
  • Home Network: Integrating Kodi with Synology NAS strengthens your home network's media capabilities without relying on third-party cloud services, keeping your data private and secure within your home network.

This combination of Kodi's powerful media playback and customization options with Synology NAS's robust storage solutions and network capabilities creates a highly efficient, secure, and personalized media center. Whether you're a casual viewer or a media enthusiast, using Kodi with Synology can elevate your home entertainment setup to new heights.

Challenges of Using Kodi with Synology NAS

Using Kodi in conjunction with a Synology NAS can create a powerful and versatile media center, but there are several considerations and potential downsides to be aware of. These can impact your experience depending on your setup, technical expertise, and specific requirements:

Complex Setup for Beginners

  • The initial setup of Kodi with Synology NAS, especially when configuring network shares, permissions, and optimizing performance, can be complex for users unfamiliar with network storage concepts or Kodi's configuration options.

Performance Constraints

  • Streaming high-bitrate video files or high-definition content from a NAS to Kodi can encounter performance bottlenecks, particularly on older or entry-level Synology models not designed for intensive media streaming.
  • Transcoding on the fly, if needed for compatibility or bandwidth reasons, is not directly handled by Kodi and would require a powerful Synology model or external software that supports transcoding.
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Photo by Liam Tucker / Unsplash

Network Dependency

  • The performance and reliability of streaming from Synology NAS to Kodi are heavily dependent on your home network's quality and speed. Users with slower or unstable Wi-Fi connections may experience buffering, especially with high-definition content.

No Direct Integration

  • Unlike some media server applications that offer direct integration with NAS devices (e.g., Plex Media Server), Kodi operates independently. This means any updates, library management, or maintenance requires separate actions in both Kodi and the Synology DSM interface.

Security Concerns

  • Exposing your Synology NAS to the internet for remote access to Kodi increases security risks. Proper configuration of network security settings, firewalls, and VPNs are necessary to mitigate these risks, which might be daunting for average users.

Updates and Compatibility

  • Keeping both Kodi and Synology DSM up to date is crucial for security and performance but can occasionally introduce compatibility issues or require reconfiguration of settings and plugins.

Limited Support

  • As Kodi is an open-source project, support mainly comes from community forums and documentation. While there's a wealth of information available, troubleshooting specific issues can be time-consuming and may not always yield straightforward solutions.

Dependence on Third-Party Add-ons

  • Kodi's functionality can be greatly expanded through add-ons, but these are often developed by third parties. This can lead to variability in quality, reliability, and longevity. Add-ons can break or cease to be supported with little to no notice.

While the combination of Kodi with Synology NAS offers a flexible and powerful media center capability, it's not without its challenges. The setup is best suited for users comfortable with networking and media server concepts and those willing to invest time in configuring and maintaining their system. For those seeking simpler or more integrated solutions, alternatives like Plex might offer a more straightforward experience, albeit with different trade-offs.

flat screen TV
Photo by Jens Kreuter / Unsplash

Configuring Kodi to work with Synology DSM (DiskStation Manager) 7.2 involves setting up your Synology NAS as a media server and then connecting Kodi to it. The process typically involves sharing your media files stored on the Synology NAS over the network using protocols like SMB (Server Message Block), NFS (Network File System), or DLNA (Digital Living Network Alliance).

SMB (Server Message Block)

  • What It Is: SMB is a network file sharing protocol that allows applications on a computer to read and write to files and to request services from server programs in a computer network.
  • Pros:
    • Compatibility: Widely supported by Windows, macOS, and Linux, making it a versatile option for mixed-OS environments.
    • Ease of Use: Generally easy to set up and use, especially in Windows environments.
    • Features: Supports file sharing, printer sharing, and more, with good security options like encryption and authentication.
  • Cons:
    • Performance: May be slower than NFS due to its higher protocol overhead, especially in networks with high latency.
  • Best Used For: Home networks or mixed OS environments where ease of setup and broad compatibility are priorities.

NFS (Network File System)

  • What It Is: NFS is a protocol developed by Sun Microsystems that allows a user on a client computer to access files over a network in a manner similar to how local storage is accessed.
  • Pros:
    • Performance: Generally offers better performance than SMB in a properly configured network, especially for Linux/Unix systems.
    • Efficiency: Lower protocol overhead than SMB, which can result in faster file transfers over the same network.
  • Cons:
    • Compatibility: While supported on Windows, it's primarily used in Unix/Linux environments. Setup on non-Linux systems can be more complex.
    • Security: Earlier versions of NFS have known security issues, though NFSv4 has improved security features.
  • Best Used For: Linux/Unix environments or networks where performance and efficiency are critical.

DLNA (Digital Living Network Alliance)

  • What It Is: DLNA is a set of protocols built on top of UPnP (Universal Plug and Play) for sharing media over a network. It allows devices to share multimedia content such as photos, videos, and music over a home network.
  • Pros:
    • Compatibility with Consumer Electronics: Widely supported by TVs, game consoles, and media players without the need for additional software.
    • Ease of Use: Automatic discovery and connectivity between devices without complex setup.
  • Cons:
    • Limited by Design: Designed primarily for streaming media, not for general file access or manipulation.
    • Control and Security: Offers less control over file permissions and security compared to SMB or NFS.
  • Best Used For: Media streaming in a home network environment, especially where ease of use and device compatibility are important.
a television sitting on top of a table in a room
Photo by George Dagerotip / Unsplash

Configuring Kodi to work with Synology DSM (DiskStation Manager) 7.2 involves setting up your Synology NAS as a media server and then connecting Kodi to it. The process typically involves sharing your media files stored on the Synology NAS over the network using protocols like SMB (Server Message Block), NFS (Network File System), or DLNA (Digital Living Network Alliance). Here's a general guide to get you started:

Step 1: Set Up Media Folders on Synology NAS

  1. Organize Your Media: Organize your media into folders (e.g., Movies, TV Shows, Music) on your Synology NAS.
  2. Create Shared Folders: Use DSM's Control Panel to create shared folders for your media if you haven't already. Go to Control Panel > Shared Folder and create new shared folders as needed.

Step 2: Enable File Sharing Protocols on DSM

  1. Enable SMB/NFS: Go to Control Panel > File Services. Under the SMB/AFP/NFS tab, enable the SMB and/or NFS service. SMB is generally easier to set up and more widely supported across devices, but NFS can offer better performance, especially with Kodi.
    • For SMB, make sure the service is enabled and note the workgroup name.
    • For NFS, after enabling it, you will need to edit permissions for each shared folder to allow your Kodi device access.

NFS (Network File System) has evolved through various versions, with NFSv3, NFSv4, and NFSv4.1 each introducing significant enhancements and changes. Here's a brief overview of the key differences between these versions:


  • Released: 1995
  • Stateless Protocol: NFSv3 is a stateless protocol, meaning it does not keep track of file state information between requests. This can simplify recovery from failures but may lead to less efficient file locking and state management.
  • Features:
    • Supports 32-bit file sizes, allowing for files up to 2GB in size (though implementations can extend this limit).
    • Introduces asynchronous write operations, improving performance over NFSv2.
    • Implements TCP as a transport protocol in addition to UDP, offering more reliable connections.
  • Limitations:
    • Lacks built-in security features; relies on external mechanisms like IPsec for security.
    • Does not support file locking natively, relying instead on the NLM (Network Lock Manager) protocol, which can be less efficient and reliable.


  • Released: April 2003
  • Stateful Protocol: Introduces a stateful operation, allowing the server to maintain information about open files and locks. This improves efficiency in file handling and locking.
  • Features:
    • Integrated support for ACLs (Access Control Lists), providing more granular control over file permissions.
    • Stronger security features with the introduction of the Kerberos protocol for authentication.
    • Designed to work well over the internet, including through firewalls and NAT.
    • Supports file delegation and client caching, reducing server load and improving performance.
    • Single protocol port (2049) over TCP, simplifying firewall and router configurations.
  • Limitations:
    • More complex implementation compared to NFSv3.
    • Transitioning from NFSv3 to NFSv4 can require adjustments due to differences in path naming and statefulness.


  • Released: January 2010
  • Extensions and Improvements: Builds upon NFSv4 by adding several significant features.
  • Features:
    • Introduction of pNFS (Parallel NFS), which allows data to be served from multiple servers simultaneously, significantly improving scalability and performance for large datasets.
    • Enhanced security and error recovery mechanisms.
    • Improved support for WANs (Wide Area Networks), making it more efficient over longer distances.
  • Limitations:
    • Implementation and deployment of pNFS can be complex due to its distributed nature.
    • Not all NFSv4.1 features, especially pNFS, are widely supported across all NFS server and client implementations.

Step 3: Connect Kodi to Synology NAS

  1. Open Kodi: On your device where Kodi is installed, open Kodi.
  2. Add Media Source: Go to Files > Add Videos... or Add Music..., depending on the media type you're adding.
  3. Browse to Network Location: Select Browse and then choose the appropriate network location type (SMB, NFS, or DLNA/UPnP if you've set up Media Server).
    • For SMB/NFS, navigate to your NAS's network location, and select the shared folder you set up for your media. You might need to enter your DSM credentials for SMB.
    • For DLNA/UPnP, select your Synology NAS as the media source if it appears.
  4. Set Content Type: After adding the source, you can set the content type (e.g., Movies, TV Shows) and configure Kodi to use specific scrapers for metadata and artwork.

Step 4: Customize and Enjoy

  • Customize Kodi: Take advantage of Kodi's customization options, including installing add-ons, changing skins, and adjusting playback settings to enhance your viewing experience.
  • Library Integration: Kodi will scan the added sources into its library, pulling in metadata and artwork, allowing you to browse your media collection in a rich, organized interface.

Important Considerations

  • Firewall Settings: Ensure that any firewall settings on your Synology NAS or network router do not block the protocols (SMB, NFS, DLNA) you are using.
  • Software Versions: This guide is based on DSM 7.2 and current versions of Kodi. If you are using different versions, some options or steps may vary.
  • Permissions: Ensure that the user account used for accessing the shared folders via Kodi has the necessary read (and write, if needed) permissions on the Synology NAS.
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